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Rome's Holy MountainThe Capitoline Hill in Late Antiquity$
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Jason Moralee

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190492274

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190492274.001.0001

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Learning from the Capitol’s Destruction

Learning from the Capitol’s Destruction

Chapter:
(p.165) 6 Learning from the Capitol’s Destruction
Source:
Rome's Holy Mountain
Author(s):

Jason Moralee

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190492274.003.0007

Chapter 6 asks what Christians were supposed to learn from the Capitol’s cycle of destructions. When temples were destroyed in antiquity, through either the violence of nature or violent intentional acts, invariably the event was seen as a portentous disaster. The Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus was destroyed three times, in 83 BCE, 69 CE, and 80 CE. Christian intellectuals simplified the Capitol’s history of destructions by equating them with those of other famous temples, such as the Jerusalem Temple and the Temple of Apollo at Delphi. No matter the time or the place, temple destructions had a single cause: an interconnected history of God’s anger stretching from the past to the present and even into the future.

Keywords:   Cicero, Eusebius of Caesarea, Clement of Alexandria, chronicle, temple destruction, fire, Apollo, Jerusalem, owls, Julius Obsequens

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