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Rome's Holy MountainThe Capitoline Hill in Late Antiquity$
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Jason Moralee

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190492274

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190492274.001.0001

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Experiencing and Remembering the Capitoline Hill

Experiencing and Remembering the Capitoline Hill

(p.113) 4 Experiencing and Remembering the Capitoline Hill
Rome's Holy Mountain

Jason Moralee

Oxford University Press

Chapter 4 examines the ways in which the Capitoline Hill was experienced by those living in late antique Rome, from the ongoing visibility of the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus to toponyms that supplied a bridge to events from the distant past. Just as the Capitoline Hill was deeply rooted in the Romans’ sense of themselves as an urban community, the image of the Capitol reverberated into literary productions in the last half of the fourth century, first in Roman intellectual circles and then beyond. The Capitol’s linkage to the eternity of the empire, and the waning importance placed on stopping on the Capitol for legitimating the emperor’s authority, became a way for historians, such as Eunapius, Olympiodorus, and Procopius, to talk about and understand the fragility of the Roman state as it faced the barbarian wars of the fifth and sixth centuries.

Keywords:   Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus, Ammianus Marcellinus, Tarpeia, Gauls, Jerome, Praetextatus, Constantine, Silvester, Olympiodorus, Procopius

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