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Rome's Holy MountainThe Capitoline Hill in Late Antiquity$
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Jason Moralee

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190492274

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190492274.001.0001

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Climbing the Capitoline Hill

Climbing the Capitoline Hill

(p.29) 1 Climbing the Capitoline Hill
Rome's Holy Mountain

Jason Moralee

Oxford University Press

Chapter 1 introduces the transformations of the traditional uses of the hill from the third to the sixth century, in particular when emperors climbed the Capitoline Hill, when they chose not to do so, and the dynamics that eventually led to the abandonment of the Capitoline Hill. By the end of the fourth century, Christian rulers and administrators began to treat Rome as pilgrims did, thus terminating processions not at the Capitoline Hill, as they had in the past, but instead at St. Peter’s, the Lateran Palace, or the Forum of Trajan. Far from signaling the end of the hill’s history, the absence from the hill of emperors and their ritual power lifts the hill from the shadow of late Roman high politics and allows us to see how the hill functioned in other ways.

Keywords:   Triumph, accession, Jupiter Optimus Maximus, Maxentius, Constantine, Temple of the City, Forum Romanum, fire, Constantius II, Forum of Trajan

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