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Franz Joseph Gall - Naturalist of the Mind, Visionary of the Brain | Oxford Scholarship Online
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Franz Joseph Gall: Naturalist of the Mind, Visionary of the Brain

Stanley Finger and Paul Eling

Abstract

Franz Joseph Gall (1758–1828) viewed himself as a cutting-edge scientist, whose broad goals were to understand the mind and brain, and to be able to account for both group and individual behavioral traits in humans and animals. Starting in Vienna during the 1790s, he argued for many independent faculties of mind (e.g., music, calculation), ultimately settling on 27, with 8 being unique to humans. At the same time, he became the first person to provide evidence for cortical localization of function, the idea that the cerebral cortex is composed of specialized functional areas or organs, as he p ... More

Keywords: Franz Joseph Gall, Johann Spurzheim, phrenology, organology, brain, mind, neuroscience, localization of function, mental faculties, 19th century

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780190464622
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190464622.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Stanley Finger, author
Professor Emeritus, Department of Psychology, Washington University

Paul Eling, author
Associate Professor, Radboud University Nijmegen - Donders Institute for Brain Cognition and Behavior