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That All May FlourishComparative Religious Environmental Ethics$
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Laura Hartman

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190456023

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190456023.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 12 December 2019

Buddha, Aristotle, and Science

Buddha, Aristotle, and Science

Rediscovering Purpose and the Value of Flourishing in Nature

Chapter:
(p.20) (p.21) 1 Buddha, Aristotle, and Science
Source:
That All May Flourish
Author(s):

Colette Sciberras

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190456023.003.0002

This chapter compares Western philosophical and scientific foundations with Buddhist philosophies on the topic of flourishing in nature. It argues that flourishing is good by querying the purpose of nature, the existence of God and the good. Defining flourishing in terms of Aristotle’s final cause, and questioning some of the assumptions of the founders of modern science, the chapter presents a common quandary—whether science and faith are reconcilable. Through attempting to steer a Middle way between belief in eternal souls, gods and divine purposes, and the depressing conclusions of nihilists and (some) atheists, it suggests that Buddhism can be seen as scientific, if the definition of what counts as an ‘observation’ is widened. Then, by weaving together Buddhism and Aristotle, the chapter makes the case for the positive value of flourishing in nature and among humans.

Keywords:   Buddhism and ecology, Aristotle, Darwin, flourishing, telos, Colette Sciberras

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