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Research in Deaf EducationContexts, Challenges, and Considerations$
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Stephanie Cawthon and Carrie Lou Garberoglio

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190455651

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190455651.001.0001

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Using Multilevel Models to Evaluate Individual Differences in Deaf Readers

Using Multilevel Models to Evaluate Individual Differences in Deaf Readers

(p.309) 14 Using Multilevel Models to Evaluate Individual Differences in Deaf Readers
Research in Deaf Education

Matthew J. Traxler

Oxford University Press

Understanding how and why individuals vary is an important aspect of understanding language function. In assessing literacy in deaf readers, we must supplement normative models of functioning with models that take into account how individual differences enhance or detract from skill attainment. This chapter provides a brief case for and description of multilevel models (sometimes known as hierarchical linear models) as a tool to aid research on individual differences. These kinds of models have been applied successfully to understand variability in both hearing and deaf readers. This chapter explains how multilevel models resemble and differ from other commonly applied data analysis techniques, and why they offer a better alternative than those techniques for many applications within deaf education research.

Keywords:   data analysis, deaf readers, individual differences, literacy, multilevel modeling

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