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Human Performance OptimizationThe Science and Ethics of Enhancing Human Capabilities$
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Michael D. Matthews and David M. Schnyer

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190455132

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190455132.001.0001

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Noncognitive Amplifiers of Human Performance

Noncognitive Amplifiers of Human Performance

Unpacking the 25/75 Rule

Chapter:
(p.356) 16 Noncognitive Amplifiers of Human Performance
Source:
Human Performance Optimization
Author(s):

Michael D. Matthews

Richard M. Lerner

Hubert Annen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190455132.003.0016

In addition to enhancing cognitive and physical performance, an emerging body of research focuses on noncognitive factors in human performance. Prior studies of human performance consistently suggest that cognitive factors (intelligence, learning, and specific cognitive abilities) account for about 25% of variation in measured performance. This chapter examines three streams of research focused on noncognitive amplifiers of human performance: grit and hardiness, core character strengths, and resilience. Research suggests that systematic efforts to train and develop these factors may represent a powerful approach to both optimizing human performance and improving emotional adjustment, especially in highly demanding and dangerous work contexts.

Keywords:   performance, noncognitive, grit, hardiness, character, resilience

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