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BorrowingLoanwords in the Speech Community and in the Grammar$
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Shana Poplack

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190256388

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190256388.001.0001

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Bilingual corpora

Bilingual corpora

Chapter:
(p.30) 3 Bilingual corpora
Source:
Borrowing
Author(s):

Shana Poplack

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190256388.003.0003

This chapter details the difficulties inherent in building corpora pertinent to the process of lexical borrowing, reviews methods for gathering data capable of identifying the grammars giving rise to the various language mixing types, and emphasizes the importance of distinguishing occasional uses from bilingual community trends. It describes the constitution of the bilingual “mega-corpus” which provides the data on which the analyses of many of the ensuing chapters are based, and introduces two other geographically and diachronically related corpora that allow us to track the trajectory of borrowings over time. It presents 11 additional corpora of typologically distinct language pairs whose analysis provides corroborating evidence of many of the claims made on the basis of the larger and more representative corpora.

Keywords:   data gathering methods, lexical borrowing, language-mixing types, community trends, constituting bilingual corpora, diachronic data, trajectory of borrowings, typologically distinct languages, representative corpora

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