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The Political History of American Food AidAn Uneasy Benevolence$
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Barry Riley

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190228873

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190228873.001.0001

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Food Aid Under Carter and Reagan

Food Aid Under Carter and Reagan

Chapter:
(p.382) 17 Food Aid Under Carter and Reagan
Source:
The Political History of American Food Aid
Author(s):

Barry Riley

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190228873.003.0018

By the time Jimmy Carter entered the White House in 1977, American food aid had declined from 40 percent of U.S. agricultural exports in 1963 to less than 5 percent. Noted Harvard economic historian Emma Rothschild was arguing in the New York Times that the time had come to end it, as it no longer promoted any significant American interests. Carter had different views and sought, with the aid of Senator Humphrey, to make it a tool for enhancing human rights in recipient countries and improving its effectiveness in combatting hunger. Title III was reformulated to reward governments willing to engage seriously in improving the economic prospects of their poorest citizens. The attempt would eventually fail. Ronald Reagan was more interested in utilizing the private sector in developing countries to promote economic development, and introduced a new Food for Progress program managed by USDA to promote private-sector-focused agricultural growth.

Keywords:   Jimmy Carter, human rights, decline of food aid, Presidential Commission on World Hunger, Ronald Reagan, Food for Progress

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