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Cabinets, Ministers, and Gender$
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Claire Annesley, Karen Beckwith, and Susan Franceschet

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190069018

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190069018.001.0001

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Concrete Floors and Cabinet Appointments

Concrete Floors and Cabinet Appointments

Explaining Gendered Outcomes and Change

Chapter:
(p.249) 11 Concrete Floors and Cabinet Appointments
Source:
Cabinets, Ministers, and Gender
Author(s):

Claire Annesley

Karen Beckwith

Susan Franceschet

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190069018.003.0011

Chapter 11 answers the three research questions and summarizes the book’s findings in terms of the timing, magnitude, and persistence of women’s cabinet inclusion. It outlines the process for initiating, confirming, and sustaining “concrete floors” for women’s cabinet inclusion across each of the country cases. Concrete floors are the minimum number or proportion of women in cabinet for that ministerial team to be perceived as legitimate. The concept captures the process by which cabinets have been re-gendered to include ever greater numbers of women. The concrete floor helps to explain why presidents and prime ministers have not reverted to appointing all male-cabinets and, in most cases, have refrained from appointing fewer women to cabinet than their predecessors. The concrete floor also provides a strategic foothold for feminist activists who want to increase women’s presence in national politics, specifically in cabinets and shadow cabinets. The chapter concludes by identifying future research directions and the practical implications of the book’s findings.

Keywords:   parity, cabinet, concrete floor, feminism, feminist mobilization, party feminist

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