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Cabinets, Ministers, and Gender$
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Claire Annesley, Karen Beckwith, and Susan Franceschet

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190069018

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190069018.001.0001

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Gendered Representational Criteria

Gendered Representational Criteria

Including Women

(p.237) 10 Gendered Representational Criteria
Cabinets, Ministers, and Gender

Claire Annesley

Karen Beckwith

Susan Franceschet

Oxford University Press

Chapter 10 addresses the gendered consequences of representational criteria. It shows that in all seven country cases, representational criteria have been gendered to include women, and these have in turn become a powerful predictor of women’s inclusion in cabinet. The presence of strong prescriptive rules requiring women’s inclusion shapes selectors’ choices of ministers, often reducing their capacity to appoint ministers on the basis of affiliational criteria. A key finding of the chapter is that all-male cabinets are clearly a thing of the past, having disappeared as early as 1957 in Germany but as late as 1993 in Australia. Among the book’s case studies, women’s inclusion in cabinet is required. The chapter finds, however, that the timing and strength of the institutionalization of gender as a representational criterion vary cross-nationally.

Keywords:   parity, cabinet, women, inclusion, representational criteria, gender

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