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Mobilization and Conflict in Multiethnic States$
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Manuel Vogt

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190065874

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190065874.001.0001

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Inside Ethnic Movements

Inside Ethnic Movements

Ethnic Organizations as Catalysts of Competition or Emancipation

Chapter:
(p.61) 3 Inside Ethnic Movements
Source:
Mobilization and Conflict in Multiethnic States
Author(s):

Manuel Vogt

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190065874.003.0003

This chapter looks inside ethnic movements to shed light on the role of ethnic organizations as agents of collective action. It theorizes the three causal mechanisms through which ethnic organizations influence outcomes of equality or inequality, and peace or violence in multiethnic states: the “aggregating and institutionalizing,” the “power seizing,” and the “mobilizing” mechanisms. The outcomes of these mechanisms differ as a consequence of countries’ ethnic cleavage types. In segmented unranked societies, ethnic organizations exacerbate existing intergroup competition, undermining ethnic equality and increasing the risk of civil conflict. In contrast, in stratified societies, ethnic organizations assume an emancipatory function, fostering the political inclusion of historically marginalized groups and, thus, enhancing ethnic equality while promoting nonviolent contentious action.

Keywords:   ethnic movement, civil conflict, nonviolent conflict, group mobilization, inequality, ethnic organization, inclusion

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