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GurdjieffMysticism, Contemplation, and Exercises$
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Joseph Azize

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190064075

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190064075.001.0001

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A Biographical Sketch of Gurdjieff

A Biographical Sketch of Gurdjieff

(p.21) 1 A Biographical Sketch of Gurdjieff

Joseph Azize

Oxford University Press

Gurdjieff is described as a man with a rich heritage, that of the Greek-origin inhabitants of Asia Minor, but no home, being disposed by the events of the Russian Revolution. He transplanted his teaching from Russia to Western Europe, eventually adopting France as his permanent base, although he made many trips to the United States, which he considered an important field for his work. This chapter concisely examines his life in several stages, and especially his collaborations with P. D. Ouspensky and A. R. Orage, both of which collapsed. It notes the important final years in Paris, when Jeanne de Salzmann emerged as his lieutenant. The chapter closes with an assessment of the overall trajectory of his life.

Keywords:   G. I. Gurdjieff, P. D. Ouspensky, A. R. Orage, Jeanne de Salzmann, Meetings with Remarkable Men

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