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Gurdjieff – Mysticism, Contemplation, and Exercises - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Gurdjieff: Mysticism, Contemplation, and Exercises

Joseph Azize


This is the first analysis of all of Gurdjieff’s published internal exercises, together with those taught by his students, George and Helen Adie. It includes a fresh biographical study of Gurdjieff, with groundbreaking observations on his relationships with P. D. Ouspensky and A. R. Orage (especially why he wanted to collaborate with them, and why that broke down). It shows that Gurdjieff was, fundamentally, a mystic and that his contemplation-like methods were probably drawn from Mount Athos and its hesychast tradition. It shows the continuity in Gurdjieff’s teaching, but also development and ... More

Keywords: Gurdjieff, Ouspensky, Orage, George Adie, mysticism, meditation, contemplation, Fourth Way, Hesychasm, Western Esotericism

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780190064075
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190064075.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Joseph Azize, author
Honorary Associate, University of Sydney