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TamarixA Case Study of Ecological Change in the American West$
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Anna Sher and Martin F. Quigley

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199898206

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199898206.001.0001

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Ecohydrology of a Successful Plant

(p.63) 5 Tamarisk

Pamela L. Nagler

Edward P. Glenn

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the ecohydrology of tamarisk, with particular emphasis on water use, salt tolerance, potential for salinizing flood plains, drought tolerance and rooting depths, and ecological interactions with native plants on western rivers. It presents the working hypothesis that tamarisk is adapted to water stress, with low to moderate water use that tends to replace mesic vegetation when conditions on flow-regulated rivers become unsuitable for those species, rather than as an invasive species that displaces and out-competes native species under all conditions. It includes data on the annualized rates of evapotranspiration, transpiration, and stomatal conductance by tamarisk stands on western US rivers. It also cites the lack of evidence that simply removing tamarisk from a riverbank will improve salinity or allow native mesic vegetation to return.

Keywords:   ecohydrology, tamarisk, water use, salt tolerance, drought tolerance, rivers, water stress, invasive species, native species, salinity

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