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Indian Philosophy in EnglishFrom Renaissance to Independence$
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Nalini Bhushan and Jay L. Garfield

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199769261

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199769261.001.0001

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R. D. Ranade, “The Problem of Ultimate Reality in the Upanishads” (1926)

R. D. Ranade, “The Problem of Ultimate Reality in the Upanishads” (1926)

Chapter:
(p.245) 1 R. D. Ranade, “The Problem of Ultimate Reality in the Upanishads” (1926)
Source:
Indian Philosophy in English
Author(s):

Nalini Bhushan

Jay L. Garfield

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199769261.003.0016

This chapter presents an excerpt from Ramchandra Dattatraya Ranade's book, Constructive Survey of Upanisadic Philosophy (1926), in which he emphasizes the centrality of a psychological approach, as opposed to a theological approach, to understanding ultimate reality. Ranade was Professor of Philosophy at the University of Allahabad. He specialized initially in classical Greek philosophy, with special attention to the pre-Socratics, but was also an eminent scholar of the Upanisads. His Constructive Survey of Upanisadic Philosophy is widely regarded as a classic in the field. In the chapter “The Problem of Ultimate Reality in the Upanishads,” Ranade explores what he calls the supreme philosophical problem: What, if any, is the core of Upanisadic teaching? He also considers the three approaches to this problem in the history of thought—cosmological, theological, and psychological; the cosmological argument for the existence of God; regress from polytheism to monotheism under the theological approach; and the epistemology and metaphysics of self-consciousness.

Keywords:   reality, Ramchandra Dattatraya Ranade, Constructive Survey of Upanisadic Philosophy, Upanishads, God, polytheism, monotheism, epistemology, metaphysics, self-consciousness

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