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Medicine and Social JusticeEssays on the Distribution of Health Care$
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Rosamond Rhodes, Margaret Battin, and Anita Silvers

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199744206

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744206.001.0001

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Justice in Transplant Organ Allocation

Justice in Transplant Organ Allocation

(p.505) 40 Justice in Transplant Organ Allocation
Medicine and Social Justice

Rosamond Rhodes

Thomas D. Schiano

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the current national system for allocating transplant organs in the United States. Advancing science that has improved the success of organ transplantation also creates an increased demand for life-saving organ transplantation. Systems for organ allocation vividly exemplify a wide-ranging problem of justice. In transplantation of vital solid organs such as liver, the scarcity of what is to be distributed is glaringly obvious while the political forces that affect allocation policy are hard to see. The injustices that result are even harder to discern. Despite the pronounced disparity in waiting times for transplantation, and the disparate treatment for different groups of people who need a transplant organ, the United Network for Organ Sharing system espouses its commitment to justice, equity, and efficacy.

Keywords:   transplant organs, United States, organ transplantation, transplant organ justice, transplant organ allocation, liver, United Network for Organ Sharing, equity, efficacy, organ allocation

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