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From Perception to ConsciousnessSearching with Anne Treisman$
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Jeremy Wolfe and Lynn Robertson

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199734337

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734337.001.0001

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Some Thoughts on the Interaction between Perception and Reflection

Some Thoughts on the Interaction between Perception and Reflection

(p.390) 18. Some Thoughts on the Interaction between Perception and Reflection
From Perception to Consciousness

Julie A. Higgins

Marcia K. Johnson

Oxford University Press

This chapter comments on Anne Treisman's 1990 paper Implicit and explicit memory for visual patterns, published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition and written in collaboration with Gail Musen. Treisman and Musen report the results of their research on implicit and explicit memory for novel, visual patterns. They examined implicit memory by means of a speeded perception task, and explicit memory by a four-alternative, forced-choice recognition task. They observed that a single exposure of a novel, nonverbal stimulus is capable of creating a representation in memory that can support long-lived perceptual priming. Conversely, there was significant loss of recognition memory over the same delay. This chapter discusses the findings of Treisman and Musen by focusing on the association between perception and reflection. After reviewing some of the evidence about the characteristics of perceptual representation, it considers Treisman and Musen's work on long-term perceptual memory and recent studies that investigated the interaction of perceptual and reflective processes. It explores the effect of reflective processing of a representation on later perceptual processing, along with the effect of perceptual memory on later reflective processing.

Keywords:   visual patterns, implicit memory, explicit memory, recognition, perception, reflection, perceptual representation, perceptual memory, Anne Treisman, Gail Musen

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