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Images and Monuments of Near Eastern Dynasts, 100 BC - AD 100$
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Andreas J. M. Kropp

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199670727

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199670727.001.0001

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Kings and cults

Kings and cults

Chapter:
(p.225) Five Kings and cults
Source:
Images and Monuments of Near Eastern Dynasts, 100 BC - AD 100
Author(s):

Andreas J. M. Kropp

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199670727.003.0005

This chapter examines cults and sanctuaries promoted on the initiative of Roman client kings of the Near East who ruled in the first century BC, with special reference to coin imagery, sculpture, and architecture. It first provides an overview of local gods and goddesses of the Graeco-Roman Near East before turning to a discussion of royal and dynastic cults and the establishment of the imperial cult. It then considers the significance of large-scale public buildings such as the temples sponsored by local dynasts against the backdrop of the peculiar set of ‘rules’ about public giving and taking, known as euergetism. It also looks at the worship of living or deceased monarchs before concluding with an assessment of the imperial cult's ties to the Roman empire.

Keywords:   cults, sanctuaries, client kings, Near East, coin imagery, sculpture, architecture, imperial cult, temples, euergetism

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