This concluding chapter summarises the main arguments of the book with regards to honorific portraits of the Hellenistic period and places the findings within a broad narrative of the post-Classical city, down to late Antiquity. It highlights the continued dialectical relationship between community and elite, within a complicated, conflictual history of the civic. It considers how elite affirmation in the Greek cities of the Roman empire took place within constraints inherited from the Classical and Hellenistic polis, and which was embodied by the honorific statue. Taking the honorific statue as a starting point, the chapter explores the issues of the ‘Greek portrait’ within an anthropology of Greek art, along with the functions and the politics of the portrait. Finally, it shows how the political and artistic approaches can be mapped onto one another to reveal what honorific statues did, and why they were desirable.
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