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Samuel and the Shaping of Tradition$
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Mark Leuchter

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199659340

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199659340.001.0001

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Samuel as a Prophet

Samuel as a Prophet

Chapter:
(p.41) 3 Samuel as a Prophet
Source:
Samuel and the Shaping of Tradition
Author(s):

Mark Leuchter

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199659340.003.0003

This chapter examines the distinction between priests with oracular/prophetic characteristics and the emergence of a distinct prophetic class, and how the liminal nature inherent to Samuel's role as a Levite contributed to later prophets claiming Samuel as an archetype for their own movement. It considers the function of prophecy during periods of social crisis and Samuel's rise to priestly prominence based on a prophetic revelation he receives. It also explores the tradents behind the Samuel narratives in relation to the memory of how the prophetic sphere changed in the shadow of monarchic institutions over time, along with Samuel's prophetic function in the Deuteronomistic history. Finally, the chapter discusses the roles played by prophets and Levites as intercessors between Israel and YHWH and how the rise of the monarchy gave rise to a prophecy that stood in stark contrast to the priesthood that eventually fell.

Keywords:   priests, Samuel, prophets, prophecy, social crisis, Levites, Israel, YHWH, monarchy, priesthood

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