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Lucy to LanguageThe Benchmark Papers$
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R. I. M. Dunbar, Clive Gamble, and J. A. J. Gowlett

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199652594

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.001.0001

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Close Social Relationships

Close Social Relationships

An Evolutionary Perspective

Chapter:
(p.151) 8 Close Social Relationships
Source:
Lucy to Language
Author(s):

S.G.B. Roberts

Holly Arrow

J.A.J. Gowlett

Julia Lehmann

R.I.M. Dunbar

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0008

This chapter examines close social relationships from an evolutionary perspective. Drawing on evidence from social psychology, evolutionary theory, ethology, anthropology, and sociology, it analyses some of the central features of close social relationships, with emphasis on their function, their number and quality, and their maintenance. Three different types of social bonds are discussed: mateships, kinship bonds, and friendships. The chapter first provides an overview of the function of social relationships in humans and non-human animals before turning to the quantity and quality of personal social networks in humans and what makes relationships persist over time.

Keywords:   social relationships, social psychology, evolutionary theory, social bonds, mateships, kinship, friendships, humans, non-human animals, social networks

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