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Lucy to LanguageThe Benchmark Papers$
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R. I. M. Dunbar, Clive Gamble, and J. A. J. Gowlett

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199652594

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 February 2020

The Costs of Being a High-latitude Hominin

The Costs of Being a High-latitude Hominin

Chapter:
(p.356) 16 The Costs of Being a High-latitude Hominin
Source:
Lucy to Language
Author(s):

Eiluned Pearce

Andrew Shuttleworth

Matt Grove

R.H. Layton

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0016

This chapter examines the challenges that hominins occupying higher latitudes have had to deal with. More specifically, it analyses how hominins were able to maintain social networks over the larger geographic areas associated with decreasing population densities at higher latitudes, along with the mechanisms by which the largest encompassing groups can be maintained. The chapter first considers what the term ‘group’ means before discussing the apparent trends in hominin group size and social organisation over time. It then explains why it is important to maintain extended community networks and the cognitive and time budgeting challenges presented by higher latitudes. It also compares Neanderthals and anatomically modern humans in terms of network sizes and in maintaining their extended social networks.

Keywords:   hominins, higher latitudes, social networks, group size, social organisation, extended community networks, time budgeting, Neanderthals, anatomically modern humans, groups

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