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History of UniversitiesVolume XXVI/1$
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Mordechai Feingold

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199652068

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652068.001.0001

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A Metropolitan University fit for Empire

A Metropolitan University fit for Empire

the role of private benefaction in the early history of the London School of Economics and Political Science and Imperial College of Science and Technology, 1895–1930

Chapter:
(p.202) A Metropolitan University fit for Empire
Source:
History of Universities
Author(s):

Jill Pellew

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652068.003.0004

This chapter examines the role of private benefaction in the early history of the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) and Imperial College of Science and Technology in the period 1895–1930. Both institutions, part of the University of London at the time, represent a turning point between the nineteenth-century model of university funding driven by civic pride and private initiative and twentieth-century ideas of government-funded higher education under the British Empire. The chapter focuses on two individuals who played important roles in the growth of LSE and Imperial College: Richard Burton Haldane, Viscount Haldane (1856–1928), and Sidney James Webb, Baron Passfield (1859–1947) and a member of the Fabian Society of London. It also considers early donors to LSE, the involvement of Webb and Haldane in what they called the ‘Charlottenburg’ scheme, and the legacy of Alfred Beit to Imperial College. Finally, it discusses the expansion of LSE after World War I.

Keywords:   private benefaction, University of London, university funding, Richard Burton Haldane, Sidney James Webb, Fabian Society of London, donors, Charlottenburg scheme

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