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International Human Rights Law in Africa$
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Frans Viljoen

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199645589

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199645589.001.0001

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The Realization of Human Rights in Africa through Subregional Institutions

The Realization of Human Rights in Africa through Subregional Institutions

Chapter:
(p.469) 11 The Realization of Human Rights in Africa through Subregional Institutions
Source:
International Human Rights Law in Africa
Author(s):

Frans Viljoen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199645589.003.0011

This chapter examines the role of subregional institutions in the realisation of human rights in Africa. It begins with an overview of regional economic integration in Africa before turning to regional economic communities (RECs) in North Africa, Eastern and Southern Africa, West Africa, and Central Africa. It then considers human rights in RECs, with particular emphasis on the judicialisation of human rights in RECs and its political consequences; democratisation, peace, and security as part of the goals of RECs; and the increasing democratisation of integration processes by establishing regional parliaments and through collaboration with civil society. Finally, the chapter explores the possibility of harmonisation between existing RECs to realise the long-term goal of an ‘African Common Market’ leading to an African Economic Community.

Keywords:   subregional institutions, human rights, Africa, regional economic integration, regional economic communities, democratisation, regional parliaments, civil society, African Common Market, African Economic Community

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