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Rome, Polybius, and the East$
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The late Peter Derow, Andrew Erskine, and Josephine Crawley Quinn

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199640904

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199640904.001.0001

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The Roman Calendar, 218–191 B.C.

The Roman Calendar, 218–191 B.C.

(p.221) 11 The Roman Calendar, 218–191 B.C.
Rome, Polybius, and the East

Peter Derow

Andrew Erskine

Josephine Crawley Quinn

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers the Roman calendar's relation to the years between 218 and 191 BC, the years covered by the last two and a half surviving decades of Livy's history. It first addresses the question of the missing intercalations by combining the evidence of 203 with that of (especially) 217–215 into a coherent system of calendar equations. Two periods are examined, 218–203 and 203–191. The chapter discusses the chronology of 203 to establish the operation of the Roman calendar in the 190s, with reference to Polybius's account of the African campaign. It also looks at the battles at Trasimene and Cannae and Fabius Maximus's edict of 215.

Keywords:   intercalations, Roman calendar, Livy, calendar equations, chronology, Polybius, Trasimene, Cannae, Fabius Maximus, edict

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