This chapter focuses on Friedrich Schlegel, the main founder of German Romanticism. Schlegel made groundbreaking contributions to the theory of language, hermeneutics, and general aesthetics. He was strongly influenced by the eighteenth-century philosopher J. G. Herder. The brilliance and the influence of Schlegel's ideas make him a thinker of great importance. His older brother, August Wilhelm, supported and mentored him in his youth, and was his main intellectual ally thereafter. The journal Athenaeum published many of his most important fragments on hermeneutic, literary, and philosophical themes, as well as several of his longer pieces on such themes, including the Dialogue on Poetry and On Incomprehensibility. The journal essentially established German Romanticism as a literary-philosophical movement. His main literary work, Lucinde, is notable for its feminist agenda and frank treatment of sexuality.
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