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From Hand to Handle – The First Industrial Revolution - Oxford Scholarship Online
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From Hand to Handle: The First Industrial Revolution

Lawrence Barham


Mankind’s utter dependency on technology extends back approximately three million years to the first stone tools, but it was only with the innovation of hafting, some 300,000 years ago, that technology took its first modern form and revolutionised our social and economic lives. The development of handles and shafts, which were added to some tools previously made of single materials and hand-held, made the tools not only more efficient but improved their makers’ chances of survival by making the quest for food more productive. This book brings together evidence for the cognitive, social, and te ... More

Keywords: technology, hafting, handles, shafts, tools, engineering

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780199604715
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015 DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199604715.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Lawrence Barham, author
Professor of Archaeology, University of Liverpool