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Sticks, Stones, and Broken BonesNeolithic Violence in a European Perspective$
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Rick J. Schulting and Linda Fibiger

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199573066

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199573066.001.0001

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Violence in the Stone Age from an eastern Baltic perspective

Violence in the Stone Age from an eastern Baltic perspective

Chapter:
(p.35) 3 Violence in the Stone Age from an eastern Baltic perspective
Source:
Sticks, Stones, and Broken Bones
Author(s):

Rimantas Jankauskas

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199573066.003.0003

This chapter presents the results of a study on traces of violence found on Lithuanian and Latvian Stone Age skeletal materials. Nearly 250 Mesolithic and Neolithic skeletons from Lithuania and Latvia were examined, with the majority deriving from the important multi-period site of Zvejnieki. In general, the overwhelming majority of traumas can be considered as ‘casual’, resulting from everyday activities. Cases of circumscribed inflammatory lesions on skull vaults of five males and one trephination could be a reflection of rituals related to a complex social hierarchy in ‘delayed return’ communities. Only complex sites of settlements and several burials of young males from the Late Bronze Age contain evidence of violent deaths.

Keywords:   violence, human skeleton, skeletal remains, Latvia, Lithuania, Stone Age

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