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Sticks, Stones, and Broken BonesNeolithic Violence in a European Perspective$
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Rick J. Schulting and Linda Fibiger

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199573066

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199573066.001.0001

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Prehistoric violence in northern Spain

Prehistoric violence in northern Spain

San Juan ante Portam Latinam

(p.265) 15 Prehistoric violence in northern Spain
Sticks, Stones, and Broken Bones

José Ignacio Vegas

Ángel Armendariz

Francisco Etxeberria

María Soledad Fernández

Lourdes Herrasti

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents the results of a study on the Late Neolithic/Chalcolithic (ca. 3000 cal BC) site of San Juan ante Portam Latinam in northern Spain. The population at the site comprises a minimum number of 338 individuals belonging to both sexes and all age groups. At least eleven individuals exhibited arrow injuries, some showing signs of healing and others clearly peri-mortem, while a number of crania exhibit healed depressed fractures. What is perhaps most striking is the possibility that many of the other arrowheads found intermingled with the human remains also represent the cause of death rather than grave offerings, which would significantly increase the number of individuals dying violently. The chapter also draws attention to other contemporary sites in the region, including nearby Longar with four projectile points embedded in bone, and the burial cave at Costa de can Martorell with some 200 individuals present.

Keywords:   human skeleton, interpersonal violence, Neolithic, Chalcolithic, Longar, Costa de can Martorell

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