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On What MattersVolume Two$
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Derek Parfit

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199572816

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572816.001.0001

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Epistemology

Epistemology

Chapter:
(p.488) 32 Epistemology
Source:
On What Matters
Author(s):

Samuel Scheffler

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572816.003.0020

This chapter looks at epistemology, the Causal Objection, the Validity Argument, and epistemic beliefs. According to the Causal Objection, since non-natural normative properties or truths could not have any effects, we could not have any way of knowing about them. This chapter examines such knowledge from the points of view of Naturalism, Rationalism, and Metaphysical Naturalism. The words ‘probable’, ‘likely’, and ‘certain’ can be used in nonnormative, alethic senses. According to Analytical Naturalism, epistemic normative concepts can be explained in alethic terms, and refer to alethic properties. According to Epistemic Rationalism, these concepts are irreducibly normative, and refer to irreducibly normative properties. According to Non-Analytical Naturalism, although these concepts are irreducibly normative, they refer to alethic properties.

Keywords:   epistemology, Causal Objection, Validity Argument, epistemic beliefs, Naturalism, Rationalism, Metaphysical Naturalism, Analytical Naturalism, Epistemic Rationalism, Non-Analytical Naturalism

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