This concluding chapter presents a philosophical discussion of Immanuel Kant's consequentialism and contractualism. It first considers Act Consequentialism, which says everyone ought always to do, or try to do, whatever would make things go best. It then asks whether this principle is universal acceptance-optimific, by being the principle whose universal acceptance would make things go best. It also examines the universal acceptance version of Rule Consequentialism, that is: Everyone ought to follow the principles of which it is true that, if they were universally followed, things would go best. Finally, it analyses Kant's contractualism, which says everyone ought to follow the principles that everyone could rationally will to be universal laws, as well as his Formula of the Greatest Good and Triple Theory.
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