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The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist MagazinesVolume II: North America 1894-1960$
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Peter Brooker and Andrew Thacker

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199545810

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199545810.001.0001

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Broom (1921–4) and Secession (1922–4)

(p.636) 27 Destinations
The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines

Peter Nicholls

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the histories of Broom and Secession, two publications that were key to the evolution of the American avant-garde and especially to its connections with European Dada and Surrealism. Broom, founded in 1921, was published in Rome and Berlin, while Secession, its successor one year later, moved between Vienna, Berlin, and Florence. Broom's editor Harold Loeb and Secession's founders, Matthew Josephson and Gorham Munson, belonged to a generation of young men in the 1920s who left America in search of artistic freedom and the libertarian life style in Europe.

Keywords:   American magazine, little magazine, modernist magazine, periodical, American avant-garde, European Dada, surrealism, Harold Loeb, Matthew Josephson, Gorham Munson

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