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The Oxford History of Historical WritingVolume 4: 1800-1945$
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Stuart Macintyre, Juan Maiguashca, and Attila Pók

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199533091

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199533091.001.0001

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Censorship and History, 1914–45

Censorship and History, 1914–45

Historiography in the Service of Dictatorships

(p.133) Chapter 7 Censorship and History, 1914–45
The Oxford History of Historical Writing

Antoon De Baets

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that two types of dictatorial regimes are commonly distinguished: authoritarian regimes that use force to impose their rule and suppress opposition, and totalitarian regimes that impose control on all aspects of life. While both types of dictatorship are ideological to differing degrees, the totalitarian regimes try to inculcate a perfect doctrine that demands complete commitment in exchange for a golden future. This chapter further explains that when dictatorial regimes fall the possibility of democracy opens. As this happens, they struggle with the legacy of dictatorship and find themselves retaining dictatorial elements that hinder academic freedom.

Keywords:   dictatorial regimes, authoritarian, totalitarian, dictatorship, democracy, academic freedom

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