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The Oxford History of Historical WritingVolume 4: 1800-1945$
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Stuart Macintyre, Juan Maiguashca, and Attila Pók

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199533091

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199533091.001.0001

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The Institutionalization and Professionalization of History in Europe and the United States

The Institutionalization and Professionalization of History in Europe and the United States

Chapter:
(p.78) Chapter 4 The Institutionalization and Professionalization of History in Europe and the United States
Source:
The Oxford History of Historical Writing
Author(s):

Gabriele Lingelbach

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199533091.003.0005

This chapter considers that the 19th century and the years from the 1850s to World War I witnessed a decisive growth of academic institutions for the historical discipline, old and new, inside and outside the expanding universities. At the same time, the professionalization of history took an important step forward, whereas the writing of history that had been practised by ‘amateurs’ for centuries became a discipline through which historians could earn a living and pursue new career patterns. This chapter also points out that the processes of institutionalization and professionalization varied significantly between the countries in Europe and the United States, depending on the degree of state influence on academic institutions and the degree of functional differentiation of the institutional landscape.

Keywords:   historical discipline, 1850s, World War I, history, historians, institutionalization, professionalization, Europe, United States

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