Philosophes vs Philosophers
This introductory chapter addresses the distinction between philosophes and philosophers. ‘Philosophes’ is the French word for ‘philosophers’ and it refers to the intellectuals of the eighteenth-century Enlightenment; however there is a different undertone here which pertains to the disparity between American and French thinkers, as well as analytic and continental philosophy. French philosophers tend to explore extensive, historical studies, leaning towards the continental side, and they are regarded as important public scholars. That being said, this book explores the elements of French philosophy and highlights three prominent philosophers during the 1960s naming Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze, and Jacques Derrida.
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