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Functional Morphology and Diversity$
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Les Watling and Martin Thiel

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780195398038

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.001.0001

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Structure of the Nervous System

Structure of the Nervous System

General Design and Gross Anatomy

(p.451) 16 Structure of the Nervous System
Functional Morphology and Diversity

Jeremy M. Sullivan

Jens Herberholz

Oxford University Press

The myriad behaviors characteristic of crustaceans reflect the diverse lifestyles (pelagic, benthic, terrestrial, parasitic, sessile) of this large taxon. These behaviors are controlled by nervous systems whose basic structure is conserved across the Crustacea. Crustacean nervous systems are also characterized by extensive taxon-specific adaptations, including marked reductions (e.g., sessile barnacles) and increases (e.g., territorial stomatopods) in complexity. This chapter outlines the organization of the sensory and central nervous systems of the principal crustacean taxa, highlighting both conserved and specialized features.

Keywords:   central nervous system, sensory nervous system, crustaceans, Crustacea, optic ganglia, ventral nerve cord, decapods, neuroendocrine system, crustacean brain

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