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Functional Morphology and Diversity$
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Les Watling and Martin Thiel

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780195398038

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.001.0001

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Functional Anatomy of the Reproductive System

Functional Anatomy of the Reproductive System

Chapter:
(p.413) 15 Functional Anatomy of the Reproductive System
Source:
Functional Morphology and Diversity
Author(s):

Laura S. Lόpez Greco

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.003.0015

This chapter briefly describes the diversity in the functional morphology of the crustacean reproductive organs from both macroscopic and microscopic approaches. The genital ducts in both females and males show large morphological variability. This anatomical diversity is proposed to be partially driven by the environment since some similar morphofunctional patterns are found in similar habitats. Specially, different patterns of sperm storage are discussed within the framework of sperm competition. Reproductive morphology in hermaphroditic and intersex species is also included and compared, highlighting the significance of these reproductive models. Finally, morphological comparative studies are proposed to address questions related to the evolution of general and particular designs and primitive and advanced patterns, as well as the study of the embryological development of the reproductive system as a key to understand the differences between and within taxa and neurohormonal pathways of sexual differentiation and endocrine disruption.

Keywords:   reproductive system, crustaceans, anatomy, Crustacea, functional morphology, crustacean reproductive organs

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