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Developmental Influences on Adult IntelligenceThe Seattle Longitudinal Study$
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K. Warner Schaie

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195386134

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195386134.001.0001

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Influences of Personality on Cognition

Influences of Personality on Cognition

Chapter:
(p.353) {14} Influences of Personality on Cognition
Source:
Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence
Author(s):

K. Warner Schaie

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195386134.003.0014

This chapter summarizes the findings of the Seattle Longitudinal Study (SLS) regarding the link between personality and cognition. First launched in 1956, the SLS was designed to investigate various aspects of intellectual development from early adulthood to old age in a random sample of 500 individuals aged 25–95 years. The chapter begins by describing age differences and age changes on thirteen personality factors derived from the Test of Behavioral Rigidity (TBR) questionnaire. It also reports data on age difference and estimated longitudinal data on the NEO Personality Inventory. The results reveal how these personality variables influence parts of the individual differences in cognitive performance.

Keywords:   personality, cognition, Seattle Longitudinal Study, intellectual development, early adulthood, old age, age changes, Test of Behavioral Rigidity, NEO Personality Inventory, cognitive performance

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