The Twenty Years’ War
This chapter examines the consequences of America's invasion of Iraq in 2003, particularly the death of hundreds of thousands of Iraqis and the displacement of millions of others. It considers the rationale for the Iraq War, including America's attempt to eradicate Islamic militancy and terrorism, to protect friends and allies in the region, and to stop Iraq from producing weapons of mass destruction. It argues that oil was the primary motivation for the U.S. invasion of Iraq. It also discusses Operation Desert Storm that was launched by America in 1991 to free Kuwait from Iraq. In addition, the chapter assesses other measures adopted by the United States and its allies to bring down Saddam Hussein, such as sanctions, no-fly zones, and political isolation. Finally, it looks at U.S. President George W. Bush's launch of a “war on terrorism” in response to the 9/11 attacks by al Qaeda and the American public's attitude toward the Iraq War.
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