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Murder in the CourtroomThe Cognitive Neuroscience of Violence$
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Brigitte Vallabhajosula

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199995721

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199995721.001.0001

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The Issue of Evidentiary Reliability

The Issue of Evidentiary Reliability

Chapter:
(p.154) 8 The Issue of Evidentiary Reliability
Source:
Murder in the Courtroom
Author(s):

Brigitte Vallabhajosula

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199995721.003.0008

Since Daubert (1993), the standards for admissibility at trial of expert testimony in general and scientific evidence in particular have become more demanding. In fact, reviews of recent cases and empirical studies of federal judges’ and attorneys’ practices indicate that judges are now more likely to inquire more deeply into the reasoning and methodology that supports the expert opinions and to limit or exclude unreliable evidence from presentation at trials. Courts’ increasing skepticism concerning expert testimony and scientific evidence, including neuroimaging evidence, is also apparent in many published cases. This chapter provides a discussion of many important methodological issues, including issues of (a) scientific validity, (b) evidentiary reliability, (c) accuracy, (d) base rates, (e) the use of multiple tests, (f) the issue of cutoff scores, (g) baseline versus activations, (h) correlation versus causation, and (i) convergent validity related to the assessment of brain dysfunction in the context of violent behavior.

Keywords:   scientific validity, evidentiary reliability, base rates, multiple test use, cutoff scores, baseline, activation, correlation, causation

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