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Murder in the CourtroomThe Cognitive Neuroscience of Violence$
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Brigitte Vallabhajosula

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199995721

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199995721.001.0001

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The Human Brain and Cognition

The Human Brain and Cognition

Chapter:
(p.13) 2 The Human Brain and Cognition
Source:
Murder in the Courtroom
Author(s):

Brigitte Vallabhajosula

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199995721.003.0002

While there have been efforts to explain how various brain regions function, to date no general theory is universally accepted, and much of how the brain works still remains somewhat of a mystery. In fact, we still do not know exactly how the various systems of the brain interact or what particular brain dysfunction may result in future psychopathology. However, we do know that the brain does not simply grow but rather develops in a finely orchestrated sequence of stages. Further, the developmental organization of neural circuits is a complex process that is influenced by many factors, such as genetic predispositions and neuroplastic responses to experiential demands. Defects in neuronal development can lead to cognitive, motor, and intellectual disability, as well as neurological disorders, such as autism and mental retardation.

Keywords:   nervous system, neurological disorders, neuronal development, developmental organization, neuroplastic responses

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