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Chinese Social Policy in a Time of Transition$
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Douglas Besharov and Karen Baehler

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199990313

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199990313.001.0001

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Financing Migrant Child Education

Financing Migrant Child Education

(p.142) 8 Financing Migrant Child Education
Chinese Social Policy in a Time of Transition

Jing Guo

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes China’s approach to the problem of migrant child education in the context of large internal migration and education finance, reviews major migrant child education policies from the past decade, and discusses policy implementation in Beijing and Zhejiang province. The degree to which the costs for migrant child education are shared between provincial and local levels of government or are borne entirely at the local level influences the quality of education the children receive and depends on the region. The analysis presented here identifies intergovernmental transfers as the critical missing element of current migrant child education policy in China. It suggests that higher level governments, i.e. central and provincial governments, should take the lead in developing regularized fiscal transfers for migrant child compulsory education to ensure sufficient financing for migrant child education in urban areas. This chapter also calls for more research and discussion about policymaking, with an emphasis on a developmental perspective.

Keywords:   migrant children, household registration, public school, education finance, intergovernmental transfer

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