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Chinese Social Policy in a Time of Transition$
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Douglas Besharov and Karen Baehler

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199990313

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199990313.001.0001

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Welfare Regimes in the Wake of State Socialism

Welfare Regimes in the Wake of State Socialism

China and Vietnam

(p.18) 2 Welfare Regimes in the Wake of State Socialism
Chinese Social Policy in a Time of Transition

Jonathan D. London

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the evolution of welfare regimes in contemporary China and Vietnam. Specifically, it examines how the degeneration of state-socialist regimes and the evolution of new political economies in their wake have shaped institutional arrangements governing the provision and payment for education and health services and their stratification effects. It is argued that welfare regimes and stratification in contemporary China and Vietnam may not be understood without appreciating their properties under state-socialism and how these countries’ specific paths of extrication from state-socialism have affected welfare regimes degeneration and subsequent development under a new market-Leninist form of political economy. The subordination of markets to Leninist political institutions (organizational, ideological, and cultural) suggests that Viet nam and China represent a distinctive form of political economy. Alongside areas of convergence, divergence in the two countries’ welfare regimes reflects not only differences in wealth but in the character of distributive politics.

Keywords:   China, Vietnam, welfare regimes, social policy, stratification, market-Leninism

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