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Chinese Social Policy in a Time of Transition$
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Douglas Besharov and Karen Baehler

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199990313

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199990313.001.0001

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The Evolving Response to HIV/AIDS

The Evolving Response to HIV/AIDS

(p.270) 14 The Evolving Response to HIV/AIDS
Chinese Social Policy in a Time of Transition

Zunyou Wu

Sheena G. Sullivan

Yu Wang

Mary Jane Rotheram

Roger Detels

Oxford University Press

China’s response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic evolved from four forces: 1) existing government structures and networks of relationships; 2) increasing scientific information; 3) external influences underscoring the potential consequences of an HIV/AIDS pandemic which accelerated strategic planning; and 4) increasing political commitment at the highest levels. China’s response culminated in dramatic action leading to legislation to control HIV/AIDS, the AIDS Prevention and Control Regulations. Three major initiatives are concurrently being scaled up. First, the government has prioritized interventions for controlling the epidemic in injection drug users, sex workers, men who have sex with men, and plasma donors. Second, routine HIV testing is being implemented among populations at high risk of infection. Third, the government is providing treatment for infected individuals. These bold programs have emerged from a process of gradual and prolonged dialogue and collaboration among officials at every level of government, researchers, service providers, policy-makers, and politicians, and have led to decisive action.

Keywords:   P.R. China, HIV, AIDS, Policy Making

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