Toward a Genealogy of Christian Neopythagoreanism
This Introduction surveys several challenges facing Cusanus scholarship stemming from its origins in Neo-Kantian circles in the early twentieth century. Nicholas of Cusa was valued as a fifteenth-century prophet of scientific modernity, but at the same time his thought unsettles customary accounts of the nature of modernity. Because Cusanus integrates number and mathematical measurement into the heart of his Christian theology, there is no strict division between religion and science. This counterexample problematizes the notion that the rise of the mathesis universalis in Galileo and Descartes represents a dramatic rupture with the late Middle Ages. To correct this narrative (first introduced by Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger) requires one to understand the significance of Thierry of Chartres in the formation of a bona fide medieval Christian Neopythagoreanism.
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