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Online Learning in MusicFoundations, Frameworks, and Practices$
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Judith Bowman

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199988174

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988174.001.0001

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The Protean Nature of Online Education

The Protean Nature of Online Education

(p.3) Chapter 1 The Protean Nature of Online Education
Online Learning in Music

Judith Bowman

Oxford University Press

This chapter briefly recounts the historical development of distance learning, online learning, and online learning in music. It points out variations in definitions of online education, cites categories of online learning developed by the Sloan Consortium, and presents definitions of distance learning developed by the National Association of Schools of Music (NASM). It documents the growth of online education as reported in national surveys of online learning, and cites parallel growth patterns in online learning in music. It notes that the same technologies are used in the face-to-face classroom, in online environments, and in daily life, and it highlights the disappearing distinctions between traditional instruction and online instruction.

Keywords:   historical development, distance learning, online learning, music, definitions, Sloan Consortium, NASM

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