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Only One ChanceHow Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation$
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Philippe Grandjean

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199985388

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.001.0001

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Mindless Costs

Mindless Costs

(p.103) Chapter 8 Mindless Costs
Only One Chance

Philippe Grandjean

Oxford University Press

Brain damage is not just a biochemical effect or physiological change, as the brain is crucial for who we are and what we can achieve. Economists argue that cost estimates are necessary to prioritize allocation of public spending. Thus, intelligence can be expressed in terms of life-time earnings that increase at higher intelligence quotients. Costs in terms of health care, special education, delinquency, and other problems can be expressed in terms of dollars. For the few chemicals with detailed information available, calculations suggest that brain drain costs us billions of dollars per year. These costs do not include the suffering of exposed children and their families.

Keywords:   Cost-benefit analysis, Delinquency, Economic calculation, Income, Intelligence quotient, Public spending, Special education

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