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Closing the Opportunity GapWhat America Must Do to Give Every Child an Even Chance$
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Prudence L. Carter and Kevin G. Welner

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199982981

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199982981.001.0001

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How Common Standards and Standardized Testing Widen the Opportunity Gap

How Common Standards and Standardized Testing Widen the Opportunity Gap

Chapter:
(p.111) 8 How Common Standards and Standardized Testing Widen the Opportunity Gap
Source:
Closing the Opportunity Gap
Author(s):

Christopher H. Tienken

Yong Zhao

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199982981.003.0008

Christopher Tienken and Yong Zhao describe how current policies exacerbate the educational conditions that afflict vulnerable children and consequently widen the educational opportunity gap. The various federal and state laws require schools to make Adequately Yearly Progress or achieve some other type of result on standardized tests, and the laws prescribe severe penalties for students and educators who fail to raise test scores to the mandated level. Schools that serve disadvantaged students have faced tremendous pressure to raise test scores. The authors contend, however, that most of the actions the schools have taken to raise test scores are counterproductive. They may appear to improve student achievement, but in reality they exacerbate the educational conditions that afflict these children and consequently widen the educational opportunity gap.

Keywords:   Standardized testing, common standards, NCLB, testing scandals, achievement differences

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