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Disability and Equity at Work$
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Jody Heymann, Michael Ashley Stein, and Gonzalo Moreno

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199981212

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981212.001.0001

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Disability and Employment in the European Union

Disability and Employment in the European Union

Collective Strategies and Tools

Chapter:
(p.391) Chapter 15 Disability and Employment in the European Union
Source:
Disability and Equity at Work
Author(s):

Anna Lawson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981212.003.0015

This chapter provides context for disability and employment policy in the European Union (EU) by highlighting the key provisions of the EU’s founding treaties in these areas. It then outlines relevant aspects of the three EU-level strategies that together set out EU disability employment policy: hard law, or legislative intervention, requiring member states to ensure that certain specified requirements or standards are achieved by their domestic law; experimentalist governance, in the form of the Open Method of Co-ordination; and direct funding. Finally, the chapter identifies lessons that can be learned from the EU’s experience of harnessing these three different tools to achieve its strategic objectives and to consider the extent to which they might have relevance to the world beyond the rather unique parameters of the EU.

Keywords:   disability policy, Employment Equality Directive, employment policy, European Disability Strategy, European Employment Strategy, European Union, European Union law, European Union policymaking, experimentalist governance, Open Method of Co-ordination

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